FAQ for skincare lovers |


FAQ for skincare lovers

1. How should I apply cream?

In order to ensure cream absorbs effectively, gently spread a small amount over the entire surface of the skin, then give it time to absorb. In terms of face cream, remember its not quantity that counts but quality.

2. Why does applying cream cause me to perspire?

There are a number of reasons why you may perspire after applying cream. Some creams such as firming creams lock moisture out of the skin, whilst sun block causes perspiration because it contains excessive moisture. Creams that contain glycerin and propylene glycol cause 1 in 5 people to perspire and if you are allergic to preservatives you might find you sweat upon application.

3. What is keratin?

Keratin is the key structural material making up the outer layer of human skin. Adding moisture and wax C (mineral oil) can help nurture the skin, nails and hair.

4. What is the optimum PH level for human skin?

The optimum PH level of human skin is 5 – 5.5, however the hormone testosterone will mean that men’s skin generally has a lower PH level than women’s skin. Most soap is alkaline thus after showering skin will appear dry due to the skins natural acid being stripped away. Therefore, if possible you should use a neutral soap with a PH level of 5.5.

5. What is the benefit of soap containing olive oil?

Most soaps tend to have a high alkaline PH whilst olive oil is highly acidic. As such, when olive oil is added to soap it brings the PH to a level more suitable for human skin.

6. How many kinds of sun block are there and what are the key differences?

There are two main kinds of sun block.

a)  The first option, Zinc cream, is non-absorbent and leaves a white film on the skin upon application. This type of sun block contains zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Zinc cream is suitable for sensitive skin and is non-water soluble however it can create scurf which may lead to pimples.

b) The second type of sun block absorbs into the skin. This kind of cream is more expensive but better quality. The main ingredient is Bensoquinone or Escalol.

7. How often should I apply sun block?

Sun block should be incorporated into your daily morning routine. If you are exposed to the sun for long periods of time then reapply every two hours, and remember, always reapply after swimming or heavy perspiration.

8. Should I apply moisturiser before or after sun block?

Start by applying a non-greasy moisturising cream which contains oil such as Pure Syn, Isopropyl Myristate, or Jojoba oil, then apply sun block. Wait ten minutes then apply your foundation.

9. How does waterproof sun block differ from normal sun block?

Waterproof sun block contains a high level of paraffin or wax which protects your skin from water. If you use normal sun block, always remember to apply 15 minutes prior to swimming and reapply after towelling.

10. Why use a night cream containing collagen?

Skin pores open at night time, whilst they stay closed during the day to protect the skin from pollution and chemicals. Applying cream with collagen at night time will facilitate an absorption process. Collagen is enriched in vitamin C, whitens and detoxifies the skin.

11. Are allergic reactions to preservatives and perfume the same thing?

More people are allergic to perfume than preservatives. A preservative allergic reaction will cause a rash, whilst people who are allergic to perfume will suffer from a headache and nausea.

12. Why do I get a rash?

If you have a high level of toxins within your body or have been using steroid cream for an extended period of time you may find your body needs to detoxify in order for the rash to heal.

13. What is nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology uses nanometre sized particles which can only be seen under powerful microscopes. One of the advantages of nanotechnology is that these microscopic granules can help active ingredients be absorbed rapidly into the skin and thus begin functioning immediately upon application.

14. How likely am I to have an allergic reaction?

Skincare products are very strictly regulated within Australia. Whilst 4-6% of people may have an allergic reaction to basic cream, many other products such as baby lotions, toothpaste, mouthwash, toothbrushes and sanitary items should not cause any allergic reaction at all.

15. What is the benefit of Liposomes to your skin?

A liposome is a little bubble made out of the same material as a cell membrane. It can be filled with active ingredients and used as a vehicle to deliver nutrients to your skin. Liposomes allow vitamins and active ingredients to be absorbed more readily into your skin.

16. How does Caucasian skin and Asian skin differ?

Caucasians have larger pores than Asians which means moisture is more easily lost resulting in a drier complexion. Middle Eastern Asians have very small pores which lock moisture in, and lots of melanin making the skin smooth and dark. Most Asians have combination skin.

17. How is moisturising cream different from lotion and gel?

The texture of cream is thick and sticky so even with an upturned jar it won’t slide out. Lotion is easy to pour because it contains up to 80% water. Gel consists of water and sometimes oil too but no fat which renders gel light and transparent. In between cream and lotion is the lesser known multi cream or fluid which has an almost liquid consistency, but not quite.

18. Why are most creams sticky?

Some creams contain wax which is a viscous fat that feels sticky when applied. Examples of sticky raw materials ranking from high to low are: Vegetable Oil (cooking oil) > Mineral Oil > Isopropyl miristate (IPM) > Pure Syn.

19. How can I prevent freckles and melasma?

a) Disturb the process of pigmentation by using AHA or sunscreen.
b) Prevent the skin from getting freckles or melasma by using sun block.
c) Use fade out correction to treatment freckles and melasma.

20. What are the main ingredients of popular fade out correction?

a) Salicylic Acid (BHA): Peels off melasma promoting cell renewal. It may irritate the skin slightly.
b) Citric Acid or AHA Fruity acid: Exfoliates dead cell.
c) Ascorbic Acid or Vitamin C: Whitens the skin.
d) Bensoquinone: Protects skin from sunlight.
e) Albutin Mild acid: Promotes cell renewal.

21. Which fade out correction ingredients are dangerous and prohibited by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?

Hydrargyrum (mercury) is a heavy metal. Although it helps achieve results within 3 days, continued use will allow mercury to accumulate in the blood stream and become dangerous. Hydroquinone, a derivative of retinol used for skin peels is also dangerous long term and is no longer permitted.

22. How does Vitamin A, C, and E nurture the skin?

Vitamin A exfoliates skin.
Vitamin C whitens and promotes blood circulation.
Vitamin E moisturises and acts as an antioxidant.

23. How do I apply concentrated facial masque to reduce malasma?

a) Use a cotton pad to apply the facial masque following the hair line, massaging gently.
b) Leave for 15-20 minutes then wipe off with toner.
c) Follow with whitening cream.
Within 3-10 days your skin should appear whiter.

24. How should I take Antioxidants with Vitamins A, C, and E?

Take antioxidants with A-C-E for 3 months then stop for 1 month to rest your liver, then restart again for 3 months.

25. How does fade out correction cream affect different skin types?

Skin will be easy to peel off after applying fade out correction cream if you have dry skin and results will be achieved quickly. After using fade out correction cream we recommend nurturing the skin with vitamins and nutrients.

26. How does collagen nurture the skin?

Collagen is a polypeptides protein and elastin is a fiber. Both constitute the connective tissue that holds our bodies together. Vitamin C strengthens the formation of collagen and elastin and when elastin is strong, skin will be firm. Collagen derived from sheep placenta works very well with Vitamin C.

27. Are you more likely to get melasma if you don’t wear make-up daily?

Many foundations contain sunscreen, therefore those that wear make-up daily are less likely to form melasma. However, when you wear make-up you should always remember to cleanse before applying moisturiser.

28. Are you more likely to develop freckles and melasma if you have dry skin or oily skin?

You are more likely to develop freckles and melasma if you have a dry complexion because oily skin can reflect some sunlight, therefore absorbing less sun.

29. How do the hormones testosterone and estrogen relate to freckles and melasma?

Young people have high levels of testosterone and estrogen which makes skin oily and therefore prevents it from developing freckles and melasma. Older people on the other hand, whose hormone levels are low are more likely to develop freckles and melasma.

30. Where does the armpit smell come from?

The odour under your arms isn’t caused by perspiration but actually a bacteria that is attracted to the places where you sweat the most. Using alum or deodorant with aluminum can mask the smell however a more natural solution is to use tamarind, honey and curcuma zedoaria to exfoliate the skin daily.

31. What is Snow Lotus Cream?

Snow Lotus Cream is a cream containing lactobacillus, which kills non-useful bacteria and treats pimple. It also contains lactic acid and Vitamin C which aides digestion and reduces the risk of cancer in the intestine. In ancient times, if people had to travel long distances they stored goats milk inside sheeps stomaches. During the journey the milk transformed into sour milk useful for the body.

32. What is the benefit of Kwao-Krue?

Kwao-Krue is a herb similar to a head of convolvulaceae. It is abundant within the Thai provinces of Pu Kaet, Saraburi and Lopburi. The active ingredient contains a high level of estrogen making it popular amongst women for breast enlargement and as a facial skincare solution. To enlarge the breasts, take Kwao-Krue then exercise your breasts by joining your hands together and raising them over your head. It will make your breasts firmer and larger by adding water.

33. What is the difference between freckles and melasma?

A freckle is a spot that is deeper than melasma. Your cells overly produce melanin in one area i.e 10 cells combine in one area. Melasma occurs underneath the skin and appears as dark patches commonly found on the upper cheek, nose, lips and forehead. A mole is a thousand melanin cells which has a stronger colour than a freckle. A birth mark is caused by a lot of pigment joining together.

34. How do I stop my skin becoming oily after applying cream?

One option is to use powder. After applying cream, leave it for 15 minutes to let it absorb into the skin. Then, cover with powder in order to reduce the oil residue. Remember, do not cover with powder immediately as the cream has not yet absorbed into the skin. People with a lot of hair may find that the powder will not stick to the skin easily.

35. How often should you wash your face?

Wash twice a day (in the morning and before bed). Before bed is particularly important as your skin has been exposed to a lot of dirt and grime throughout the day. In the morning you should wash your face, then apply a toner with a PH of 5.5 followed by sun block.

36. How do you care for an oily complexion?

If you have oily skin you should use a lotion with an oil base in order to leave a very light amount of oil on your skin. This way your skin will not produce more oil (heavy oil). It is also important that you do not wash your face too often as this makes your skin dry and forces it to overproduce heavy oil.

37. What type of cream heals a cracked foot?

Choose a cream that contains lanolin and vitamin E to moisturise into your foot. It may also contain AHA which helps promoting cell renewal or contain an aroma such as peppermint or eucalyptus.

38. What should I look for in a hand cream?

Hand cream should contain lanolin to moisturise the skin, make nails less brittle and soften the delicate cuticle area. Often hand cream has a very delicate aroma.

39. What should I look for in a nipple cream?

Nipple cream should contain 0.1-0.5%  concentrate glycolic acid plus vitamin C 0.5%. This combination will help promote cell renewal. Black nipple comes from blood being stuck and not circulating, thus you should massage your nipple more often to achieve a pink colour.

40. What should I look for in a cream to reduce black discolouration in the armpit and groin?

Creams that contain AHA, licorice < 2%, essence from tomato, lycopane and essential oil may reduce black discolouration making the armpit and groin area appear whiter.